26 January 1950- The day when India declared it as a Democratic and Republic country with the adoption of the Constitution. Since then, this day is celebrated as Republic Day of India. The Constitution not only lays down the powers and duties of the Government but also describes the rights of the citizens of the nation.
Every resident of the nation celebrates the day with honor and pride for the nation. Indian Constitution is the supreme law of the country. This Republic Day, let us unveil some lesser-known facts about the Constitution of the world’s largest democracy – India.
- National Constitution Day, also known as National Law Day is celebrated every year on 26th November to commemorate the acceptance of the Constitution of India. Interestingly, 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day to celebrate the enforcement of the Constitution after replacing the Government of India Act 1935.
- The constituent assembly took almost 2 years 11 months and 18 days to form the final draft of the Constitution of the nation.
- Before finalizing the bill, more than 2000 amendments were made in the draft while preparing and presenting it for discussion.
- India holds the longest Constitution in the world with 448 articles constituted in 25 sections.
- The original Constitution of India is handwritten in only two languages, Hindi and English. It was written by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in calligraphy.
- Indian Constitution is derived from several Constitutions of different countries and that is why it is known as a bag of borrowings.
- On 24th January 1950, just before the enforcement of the Indian Constitution, 284 members of the Constituent Assembly signed the supreme law in New Delhi.
- Recently 118 amendments were added to the Indian Constitution.
- The English version of the Constitution comprises 117, 369 words.
Republic Day celebration is a 3-day affair and is commemorated with pride and honor. This day is also remembered for the designation of Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first president of India. Eventually, India’s highest military and civilian honors, namely, Padma Awards, Kirti Chakra, and Bharat Ratna are also awarded on the evening of the Republic Day.
Republic Day is a national festival that makes every citizen of the country recollect the unmatched efforts of our freedom fighters who sacrificed everything for their nation. This Republic Day, let us pledge to do our best to serve our country. Vande Matram. Have a Happy Republic Day.