The Eiffel Tower in French is called La Tour Eiffel which is one of the most distinguishable places in the world. In the World’s fair of 1889 in Paris, the tower was the centerpiece which was meant to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution and to show France’s modern mechanical skills globally.
Gustave Eiffel built the Eiffel Tower in two years, two months, and five days, using 7,500 tons of iron and 2.5 million bolts. All the hard work behind Eiffel Tower is now the result which dominates the skyline of Paris and its style silhouette has been copied across the globe in China, Las Vegas, Greece and, of course, Paris, Texas.
There are still some secrets hidden behind this recognized tower.
Tower has a secret apartment at the top
When Gustave Eiffel created his name tower, he smartly added a private apartment for himself, where he hosted famous guests like Thomas Edison. The apartment is now open to the public for the tour.
Gustave Eiffel is not the designer of the tower
While Eiffel had earned naming rights for the Tower, there were actually two men who worked for his company – Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who sketched the original design according to the original science. Two engineers joined the French architect, Stephen Sauvestre, on the plans of the memorial to enter the competition to choose the main attraction of the World’s fair.
Eiffel Tower was to be broken after 20 years
As it is mentioned earlier also that the Tower was built with the intention of showing France’s industrial power during the World’s Fair, but the plan was to break it after 20 years. Eiffel had smartly installed a radio antenna and a wireless telegraph transmitter in the tower, and the government finally decided that it was very useful for demolition.
Hitler ordered the Eiffel Tower to be destroyed
When Germany conquered France during World War II, Hitler ordered that the Eiffel Tower would be broken, but the order was never obeyed. The French resistance fighters took their revenge, although they cut the Tower’s elevator cables so that the Nazis could be forced to climb the stairs to hoist their flag.
The Eiffel Tower is a cousin of sorts to the Statue of Liberty
Before the Eiffel Tower was built, the firm of Eiffel was asked to prepare an internal framework for the Statue of Liberty, which was a task assigned to his trusted employee, Maurice Koechlin. They were successful in proving their iron handicrafts with Lady Liberty first.
There’s a post office in the Eiffel Tower
The Tower fold together at the first floor neighboring the gift shops, there is a small post office. Pick the une postale and a stamp and have mailed it from the post office of Eiffel Tower and it will be delivered with a unique postmark.
The Eiffel Tower doubled as a scientific laboratory
Gustave Eiffel placed a meteorological laboratory on the third floor of the Tower, where he performed studied in physics, aerodynamics, and made a wind tunnel. Eiffel has opened the doors of laboratories to other scientists, to use it for experiments, and cosmic rays as they were discovered in that Tower only.
The Eiffel Tower moves
The structure of heavy iron is wind resistant and swings when a storm arrives. If the weather is worst, it can even move. Stormy wind is not the only factor that can make a huge Tower move, but the heat of the Sun also affects the Tower, that leads to the increment and decrement of iron content which is up to 7 inches.
Eiffel Tower is named after many scientists
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The French scientists and engineers who worked in the 19th century were not forgotten from history. They not only added their names to the streets of Paris, but 72 of their names have also been engraved on the Eiffel Tower. The engraved tributes were covered, but thanks to the effort of the restoration, they are once again visible, and eagle-eyed visitors (visitors with sharp eyesight) can see the names like Foucault, Dumas, and Perrier cut into the iron.
A lot of efforts are needed to maintain the beauty of the Eiffel Tower
Every seven years, about 60 tonnes of paint is applied to the Tower. This coating of paint not only keeps the so-called Iron Lady (La dame de fer), but it also eliminates the changes of iron rust.
Below the Eiffel Tower is a military bunker
A small piece of history sits under the south pillar of the Tower which is a secret military underground shelter that may connect with nearby Ecole Militaire through a long tunnel. The bunker has now turned into a small museum and the tour groups can see the tiny area.
There’s a Champagne bar at the top
If you are courageous enough to reach the top of the tower, give an award to yourself with a glass of champagne from the champagne bar which is built on the top floor. It is nothing like a glass bubble with a spectacular view.
The weight of the Eiffel Tower is mammoth
10,000 tonnes is what the Tower weighs.